Famous Indian Scientists And Their Inventions And Awards Pdf In Hindi
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- The Women Scientists of India
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- 7 Indian women scientists who are an inspiration to all
- List of all Important Awards and their Fields
The table provides a list of winners of the Nobel Prize for Physics. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions.
Like most professions in India, the field of science is very much male-dominated. Many women, over the years, have made immense contribution to science, and have also paved a path for others to follow. Let us look at seven Indian women scientists who have broken stereotypes and are an inspiration to all. One of the few women mathematics researchers in the country, she completed her PhD, 16 years after marriage. She has been honoured with the Vishwanath Parvati Gokhale Award for one of her books in Marathi.
The Women Scientists of India
How often do we take out the time to think about those extra ordinary minds who made life easier for us? Raman also worked on the acoustics of musical instruments. He was the first to investigate the harmonic nature of the sound of the Indian drums such as the tabla and the mridangam.
He discovered that, when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength. This phenomenon is now called the Raman scattering and is the result of the Raman effect. In October , he collapsed in his laboratory.
He was moved to a hospital and the doctors gave him four hours to live. He survived and after a few days refused to stay in the hospital as he preferred to die in the gardens of his Institute the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore surrounded by his flowers.
He died of natural causes on 21 November Do not allow the journals of the Academy to die, for they are the sensitive indicators of the quality of Science being done in the country and whether science is taking root in it or not. Bhabha is generally acknowledged as the father of Indian nuclear power. But few people know that he was absolutely against India manufacturing atomic bombs, even if the country had enough resources to do so. Sir M V suggested that India try to be at par with industrialized nations as he believed that India can become developed through industries.
Venkatraman Radhakrishnan was born on May 18, in Tondaripet, a suburb of Chennai. Venkataraman was a globally renowned space scientist and a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He was an internationally acclaimed Astrophysicist and also known for his design and fabrication of ultralight aircraft and sailboats.
His observations and theoretical insights helped the community in unraveling many mysteries surrounding pulsars, interstellar clouds, galaxy structures and various other celestial bodies. He died at the age of 81 in Bangalore. Born on October 19, in Lahore, British India, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for his mathematical theory of black holes. The Chandrasekhar limit is named after him. He was nephew of CV Raman. Chandra became a United States citizen in His most celebrated work concerns the radiation of energy from stars, particularly white dwarf stars, which are the dying fragments of stars.
He died on August 21, , at the age of 82 in Chicago. This formed the basis of the Bose-Einstein Statistics. This equation is one of the basic tools for interpretation of the spectra of stars in astrophysics.
He also invented an instrument to measure the weight and pressure of solar rays. But did you know, he was also the chief architect of river planning in India?
He prepared the original plan for the Damodar Valley Project. Born on December 22, in Tamil Nadu, Ramanujam was an Indian mathematician and autodidact who, with almost no formal training in pure mathematics, made extraordinary contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions.
By age 11, he had exhausted the mathematical knowledge of two college students who were lodgers at his home. He was later lent a book on advanced trigonometry written by S.
He completely mastered this book by the age of 13 and discovered sophisticated theorems on his own. He returned to India and died at a young age of Picture Source. Acharya J. Bose was a man of many talents. Born on 30 November, in Bikrampur, West Bengal, he was a polymath, physicist, biologist, botanist and archaeologist. He pioneered the study of radio and microwave optics, made important contributions to the study of plants and laid the foundation of experimental science in the Indian sub-continent.
He was the first person to use semiconductor junctions to detect radio signals, thus demonstrating wireless communication for the first time. His reluctance for patenting his work is legendary.
Another of his well known inventions is the crescograph , through which he measured plant response to various stimuli and hypothesized that plants can feel pain, understand affection etc. While most of us are aware of his scientific prowess, we might not be aware of his talent as an early writer of science fiction! He is in fact considered the father of Bengali science fiction. He was instrumental in the setting up of the Indian Space Research Organization ISRO , when he successfully convinced the Indian government of the importance of a space programme for a developing nation after the launch of the Russian Sputnik, in this quote:.
There are some who question the relevance of space activities in a developing nation. To us, there is no ambiguity of purpose. We do not have the fantasy of competing with the economically advanced nations in the exploration of the moon or the planets or manned space-flight. But we are convinced that if we are to play a meaningful role nationally, and in the community of nations, we must be second to none in the application of advanced technologies to the real problems of man and society.
He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in and the Padma Vubhushan after his death in While everyone knows of his primary role in the establishment of ISRO, perhaps many of us do not know that he was also the force behind the establishment of many other Indian institutes of repute, most notably the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad IIM-A and the Nehru Foundation for Development.
Salim Ali was among the first Indians to conduct systematic bird surveys across India and his bird books helped develop ornithology in the sub-continent. This Birdman of India was the key figure behind the Bombay Natural History Society after and used his personal influence to garner government support for the organisation.
In , Khorana became the first to synthesize an artificial gene in a living cell. His work became the foundation for much of the later research in biotechnology and gene therapy. The mission of the Khorana Program is to build a seamless community of scientists, industrialists, and social entrepreneurs in the United States and India.
Khorana died of natural causes on November 9, at the age of Born on November 14, in West Punjab, Sahni was an Indian paleobotanist who studied the fossils of the Indian subcontinent. He was also a geologist who took an interest in archaeology.
His greatest contributions lie in the study of the plants of India in the present as well as the historical context.
He was a founder of The Paleobotanical Society which established the Institute of Palaeobotany on 10 September and which initially functioned in the Botany Department of Lucknow University. Sahni died on 10 April due to a heart attack. Kalam started his career by designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army. He also served as the 11th President of India from to Kalam advocated plans to develop India into a developed nation by in his book India Known for his love for children, did you know that Kalam had set a goal of meeting , students in the 2 years after his resignation from the role of scientific adviser in ?
May he continue to inspire millions. Feel free to tell us about more Indian scientists who have inspired you. You could write to us on contact thebetterindia. Update: Thanks to our readers Bharath K. Bose were added to the list, taking the original list of 12 scientists to We at The Better India want to showcase everything that is working in this country.
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Before dying, Raman told his students, Do not allow the journals of the Academy to die, for they are the sensitive indicators of the quality of Science being done in the country and whether science is taking root in it or not. Homi J. Source 4. Chandrashekar Picture source Born on October 19, in Lahore, British India, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for his mathematical theory of black holes.
Srinivasa Ramanujan. About the Author: Born with a hobby to travel, talk, express and write, Shreya gets to do all of that and is even paid for it!
Interested in rural development and social issues, she dreams of actually bringing a change in society and writing a book of her own one day. When she is not preaching others about a better India she is busy watching movies and playing video games. Follow her on twitter: shreya Spread Positivity : Share this story with friends. Click here if you want to make a contribution of your choice instead. Topics Shop.
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E K Janaki Ammal Winner of Padmashri Award. Was a renowned botanist and plant cytologist who made significant contributions to genetics, evolution, phytogeography and ethnobotany. B Vijayalakshmi D , Madras.
How often do we take out the time to think about those extra ordinary minds who made life easier for us? Raman also worked on the acoustics of musical instruments. He was the first to investigate the harmonic nature of the sound of the Indian drums such as the tabla and the mridangam. He discovered that, when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength. This phenomenon is now called the Raman scattering and is the result of the Raman effect.
Science plays an integral role in our day-to-day lives. Have you ever imagined what would we be doing if none of these things were invented? Kalam started his career by designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army. Dr kalam, born on October 15, left millions of people in shock as his soul departed on July 28 last year. When he passed away, the kind of outpouring in his honour this country witnessed is almost unprecedented.
7 Indian women scientists who are an inspiration to all
In most of the competitive exams conducted nowadays, questions are asked from Awards and their Fields name. With time, it has become a crucial topic of Static GK. We hope it will help you in preparing better for the exams. Nobel Prize is given every year to those eminent persons who have made pioneering achievements in the following fields:. Apart from Economics, all other categories have been given since
India's association with the Nobel Prize goes back, across centuries and latitudes. Poet, writer and thinker Rabindranth Tagore brought glory to the country when he became the first Indian to win the Nobel Prize for the country. The year-old Tagore was accorded the honour in , 12 years after it made its debut. Ever since, nine other laureates with an India connection have been conferred the prestigious award in various categories, Abhijit Banerjee being the latest.
Jump to navigation. There have been many physicists whose inventions and contributions have changed the face of science, and India is a proud home to many of them. Their works, methods, procedure and theories are been studied and taught all over the world. We present to you the top 10 Indian physicists and what makes them different:. Sir Chandrashekhar Venkat Raman or C.
Between and , the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded times to people and organizations.
List of all Important Awards and their Fields
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