Effects Of Air Pollution On Plants Animals And Humans Pdf
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- 10 Serious Effects of Air Pollution on the Environment
- Air Pollution Effects on Terrestrial and Aquatic Animals
- Environmental pollution and its impact on human health
Air pollution is the presence of substances in the atmosphere that are harmful to the health of humans and other living beings , or cause damage to the climate or to materials. There are different types of air pollutants, such as gases such as ammonia , carbon monoxide , sulfur dioxide , nitrous oxides , methane and chlorofluorocarbons , particulates both organic and inorganic , and biological molecules. Air pollution may cause diseases, allergies and even death to humans; it may also cause harm to other living organisms such as animals and food crops, and may damage the natural or built environment. Both human activity and natural processes can generate air pollution.
10 Serious Effects of Air Pollution on the Environment
Plants are at the forefront of air pollution because they are fixed organisms at the basis of the functioning of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The nature and extent of the impact of air pollutants on plants will depend on the physiological and biochemical characteristics of the affected plant, and the properties of the pollutant s encountered. According to the nature of the pollutant, various physiological disturbances can be observed on plants, over areas ranging from the local scale to the entire planet. They will immediately affect ecosystem functioning and in particular plant-insect relationships. They can also have effects on human health, as plants are the source of many food chains.
The constant pollution of the air has very negative effects on nature and on human health. Those long-term and medium-term effects have become problems that are difficult to solve. In this article, we are listing the main 10 negative effects that air pollution is causing worldwide:. Probably global warming is one of the most worrying effects for scientists and environmentalists. Global warming is a direct consequence of the greenhouse effect, which is produced by the high emission of CO 2 and methane into the atmosphere. Most of these emissions are produced by the industry, so this can be remedied by social responsibility and action by companies and factories.
Air Pollution Effects on Terrestrial and Aquatic Animals
Air pollution is an acknowledged widespread problem, it affects all life forms. But because we are co-existing, knowing how atmospheric pollution is affecting wildlife is important. Presence of unwanted substances in the air that could hinder the normalcy and wellbeing of the atmosphere and the living beings. Anything humans do that involves burning things, using chemicals, or producing piles of dust has the potential that can cause air pollution. For example,. Any gas, aerosol liquids or solids dispersed through gases , or particles could qualify as air pollutants if they have reached a concentration high enough to harm. Acid rain resulting from air pollution makes waters and soil more acidic, killing wildlife outright.
The main air pollutants are represented by gases forms, particles in suspension, different ionizing radiation and noise. The particulate forms are: PM10 and PM2. Atmospheric pollutants have a negative effect on the plants; they can have direct toxic effects, or indirectly by changing soil pH followed by solubilization of toxic salts of metals like aluminum. The particulate matters have a negative mechanical effect. They cover the leaf blade reducing light penetration and blocking the opening of stomata. These impediments influence strongly the process of photosynthesis which rate declines sharply.
Environmental pollution and its impact on human health
Pollution is the introduction of harmful contaminants into air, water or soil. These contaminants can have dire effects on entire ecosystems, making life more difficult for humans, plants and animals. Children and the elderly are particularly susceptible to the health effects from these toxins. In many cases, exposure to pollution has a cumulative effect on the body see References 1.
Air Pollution Effects on Biodiversity pp Cite as. Air pollution has adversely affected animals since the advent of the industrial revolution Newman Currently, the greatest threat to animal biodiversity from air pollution occurs in industrial countries where regional impacts e. In Eastern Europe, local, regional, and transboundary air pollution is severe.
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