File Name: scaffolding parts and functions .zip
Three main scaffolding components include ledgers, standards and transoms. The standard is a tube or long pipe running through the length of the scaffolding and connecting the mass of the scaffold to the ground. The base is connected a base plate that distributes the weight of each standard.
So, two rows of scaffolding is constructed to make it strong.
Scaffolding is also referred as scaffold or staging, which is a provisional structure used for supporting a work team and materials to assist in the construction, repairs and maintenance of buildings, tall residential as well as commercial structures, bridges including all types of manmade structures. The standards also known as uprights; they are perpendicular tubes that shift the entire weight of the structure to the ground where they lean on a square base plate to scatter the weight. Ledgers are flat tubes that join between the standards. Transoms lean on the ledgers at the right angles. Major transoms are positioned next to the standards; they support the standards that are in place and give support for the boards.
scaffolding parts name with pictures pdf
Scaffolding is a temporary structure installed against the side of a building, around a chimney, etc. Although there are many varieties of scaffolding systems, a common one is called independent tube and coupling scaffolding — popular because it transports efficiently, erects intuitively, and breaks down easily. Other scaffolding designs are used inside facilities for worker access to overhead equipment, for painting, etc. These designs are usually limited in height but have other features such as the ability to fold or telescope. Still, other scaffolds are available for specialized tasks such as building aircraft.
The term Scaffolding is related to construction and education. In education, scaffolding means breaking the complete learning into small chunks and learn easily using various tools, techniques, and structured way. However, in the context of this article, we are interested in exploring the term scaffolding with respect to the construction industry. During construction, maintenance, or repairing work, to support the work crew and materials, temporary structures are built. These temporary structures are called Scaffolding. Scaffolding helps in access at heights and widely used in all types of construction works.
Scaffolding , also called scaffold or staging ,  is a temporary structure used to support a work crew and materials to aid in the construction, maintenance and repair of buildings , bridges and all other man-made structures. Scaffolds are widely used on site to get access to heights and areas that would be otherwise hard to get to. There are five main types of scaffolding used worldwide today. Each type is made from several components which often include:. Sockets in the walls around the paleolithic cave paintings at Lascaux , suggest that a scaffold system was used for painting the ceiling, over 17, years ago.
scaffolding parts name with pictures pdf
As a general rule, ties are required at a ratio of width to height with some jurisdictions requiring with the distance between ties decreasing as the scaffold heightens. Jakarta's gridlocked streets are the biggest headache for the Indonesian capital's 10 million residents and a major hindrance to economic growth, with workers stranded for hours in buses, cars and motorcycles each day. The base of each standard is connected to a base plate, or sill, which helps distribute the weight each standard bears. Other scaffolding parts can be connected with the clamps as well; ledgers are horizontal cross-pieces that run between standards, and transoms are smaller pipes that run perpendicular to the ledgers to create structural rigidity and stability. Following its name, this Scaffolding type is created using steel tubes set by couplers and it is easy to assemble as well as disintegrate. Scaffolding Parts and Elements Scaffold planks.
Мы были свидетелями убийства, поскольку находились всего в пятидесяти метрах от места. Все данные говорят, что Танкадо ни о чем таком даже не подозревал. - Данные? - спросил Бринкерхофф. - Какие такие данные.
Scaffolding Parts and Elements
Есть целые числа, но есть и подсчет в процентах. Это полная каша. - Это где-то здесь, - твердо сказала Сьюзан. - Надо думать. Есть различие, которое мы все время упускаем. Что-то очень простое.
Он сделал это из-за Сьюзан. Коммандер Тревор Стратмор - ее наставник и покровитель. Сьюзан многим ему обязана; потратить день на то, чтобы исполнить его поручение, - это самое меньшее, что он мог для нее сделать. К сожалению, утром все сложилось не так, как он планировал. Беккер намеревался позвонить Сьюзан с борта самолета и все объяснить. Он подумал было попросить пилота радировать Стратмору, чтобы тот передал его послание Сьюзан, но не решился впутывать заместителя директора в их личные дела.
Шифровальный алгоритм - это просто набор математических формул для преобразования текста в шифр.