File Name: direct and indirect speech exercises.zip
Plays in direct and indirect pdf for the teacher was a well as recruitment and the british to. Gardener said they have to past tense reported speech into indirect: he told the property. Opponent in time affects the telephone exchange, despite these rules.
Do not change the tense if the introductory clause is in a present tense e. He says. Note, however, that you might have to change the form of the present tense verb 3rd person singular. You must change the tense if the introductory clause is in a past tense e.
Direct And Indirect Rules Pdf
Update your browser to view this website correctly. Update my browser now. When we want to describe what someone said, one option is to use direct speech. We use direct speech when we simply repeat what someone says, putting the phrase between speech marks:. It is very common to see direct speech used in books or in a newspaper article. For example:. When we want to report what someone said without speech marks and without necessarily using exactly the same words, we can use indirect speech also called reported speech.
However, when we report things in the past, we usually change the tense by moving it one step back. For example, in the following sentence the present simple becomes the past simple in indirect speech:. All the other tenses follow a similar change in indirect speech. Here is an example for all the main tenses:. The same rule of moving the tenses one step back also applies to modal verbs. When you give someone an order, you use the imperative form, which means using just the verb without a subject.
An excellent and easy way to see how they are used is by reading a short story in English or a news article online, because stories and articles contain many examples of reported speech. Mary Milne has worked for Wall Street English for 20 years. Over the years she has gained a wealth of knowledge and experience in ESL and has worked as an Online Community Manager, an d author for Wall Street English International and Pearson, writing informative educational content. She dedicates most of her free time to music, playing in a band and singing in a choir.
Such occasions can include a social situation as well as in a work email or presentation. In order to describe what people said there are two different types of speech — direct speech and indirect speech or reported speech. Read on to find out more about these forms and improve your English storytelling skills. Direct Speech When we want to describe what someone said, one option is to use direct speech.
Here is an example for all the main tenses: The same rule of moving the tenses one step back also applies to modal verbs. For example: He told me he was going to call Alan. They told her they would arrive a little late. Reporting Orders and Requests When you give someone an order, you use the imperative form, which means using just the verb without a subject. For example: You told me to call you back later. He told me to have a seat. She told us not to do that.
For example: You asked me to call you back later. He asked me to have a seat. She asked us not to do that. Direct and indirect I found this article useful. Share this news post Twitter share link. Anonymous Yeet Helped for my exams. U r a lifesaver. Fa Mary Milne Dyutimoy pal The WSE Team.
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Reported Speech Exercises
When we want to report an order or request, we can use a verb like 'tell' with a to-clause: He told me to go away. The indirect object is the person spoken to. Suggestions are most often reported using the verbs suggest, insist, recommend, demand, request, and propose followed by a that clause. Note that suggest, recommend, and propose may also be followed by a gerund in order to eliminate the indirect object the receiver of the suggestion and thus make the suggestion more polite. This usage of the gerund is illustrated in the fourth and fifth examples below. Home Welcome to EF.
Update your browser to view this website correctly. Update my browser now. When we want to describe what someone said, one option is to use direct speech. We use direct speech when we simply repeat what someone says, putting the phrase between speech marks:. It is very common to see direct speech used in books or in a newspaper article.
Reported speech: worksheets pdf, printable exercises, handouts. Direct and indirect speech for esl.
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Do online exercises and download a free worksheet. Get the Reported Speech Illustrated Workbook: The easy way to teach and learn direct and reported speech. Get this illustrated workbook and you will receive the following items:. Join our mailing list now and get a special bonus:. We use MailChimp as our marketing automation platform.
Interactive Version - In this reported speech interactive worksheet, students complete exercises to learn the indirect form of four modal verbs and practice using them in reported speech. Interactive Version - In this reported speech breakout room activity, pairs of students role-play an interview between a traveller and a journalist to practice reported speech. Past Simple vs.
Direct and Indirect Speech. We can report the words of a speaker in two ways:. By repeating the exact words used by the speaker. By reporting only the material of what he said.
Looking for an easy way to Learning of new elementary English grammar and composition for class 6 answers, Solutions. Change of tenses When we report something after a certain period of time, and what we are talking about has already happened, we change the tense of the sentence being reported into a corresponding past tense. Read the following table carefully.