inhibitory processes in attention memory and language pdf

Inhibitory Processes In Attention Memory And Language Pdf

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The book identifies how excitory and inhibitory messages in the human nervous system combine and coordinate to affect attention, cognition, memory and language. Communication within the nervous system involves the excitation and inhibition of neurons. How these processes interact to affect cognition and behavioural performance has been an area of ongoing investigation that is once again at the forefront of cognitive research.

Inhibitory Processes in Attention, Memory and Language

Allport, D. Shifting intentional set: Exploring the dynamic control of tasks. Moscovitch Eds. Allport, A. Task-switching: Positive and negative priming of task-set. Humphreys, J. Treisman Eds.

The present study examined the implication that these two inhibitory processes operate at consistent levels of efficiency within individuals by examining the correlation between two cognitive inhibition effects, negative priming and negative error priming. Negative priming involves slower response to a probe-trial target that was used as a to-be-ignored distractor on the immediately preceding prime trial. Negative error priming is the phenomenon that errors in a sequence of simple arithmetic trials are unlikely to involve the correct answer to the preceding problem. Participants received distractor—target pairs of simple addition problems and were required to produce the target problem sum. Negative priming was observed for prime distractors, whereas negative error priming was observed in connection with previous targets but not distractors.

Cognitive inhibition can be done either in whole or in part, intentionally or otherwise. The early models of what would become the study and concept of cognitive inhibition were developed by Sigmund Freud. Inhibition was believed to play two primary roles: the prevention of unwanted thoughts or behaviors, and the repression of experiences from infancy and childhood. Other early theories of cognitive inhibition focused on its central developmental mechanisms and were founded by Luria and Vygotsky, two Russian psychologists. They proposed that children acquire control of behavior and thought through internalized speech, and that they consciously exhibit a cognitively inhibitory process in order to regulate their own behavior. Cognitive inhibition was thought to develop as mental control over behavior developed. During the past 30 years inhibitory mechanisms such as cognitive inhibition have not been particularly prominent in developmental psychology , but currently they are undergoing a revival in the study of inefficient inhibition explored in a later section and resource limitations.

Inhibitory processes and cognitive flexibility: evidence for the theory of attentional inertia

This study examined the relationship between age and inhibitory functioning within a sample of older adults ranging in age from 60 to 85 years old. On the basis of earlier research, and confirmed by factor analysis, measures typically referred to as frontal lobe tasks were used as measures of inhibitory functioning. Findings demonstrated that inhibitory processes continued to decline with advancing age within the older sample. In addition, the role of inhibition in age-related performance deficits on a verbal list learning measure and an attention measure was examined. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that inhibition accounted for a significant proportion of the age-related variance on the two cognitive measures, whereas measures of reading speed accounted for a smaller proportion of the variance.

Performed the experiments: SN. Analyzed the data: SN. Our study explores inhibitory control across a range of widely recognised memory and behavioural tasks. Eighty-seven never-depressed participants completed a series of tasks designed to measure inhibitory control in memory and behaviour. Participants completed all 4 tasks. Task presentation order was counterbalanced across 3 separate testing sessions for each participant.

The system can't perform the operation now. Try again later. Citations per year. Duplicate citations. The following articles are merged in Scholar. Their combined citations are counted only for the first article.


The emphasis on inhibitory processes may be the characteristic that most differentiates working memory as an executive attention system rather than as a “memory” system Journal of Memory and Language, 30,


A Hierarchical Model of Inhibitory Control

Dynamic Cognitive Processes pp Cite as. When confronted with reminders to things that we would prefer not to think about, we often attempt to put the unwanted memories out of awareness. Here, I argue that the ability to control memory is a special case of a broad class of situations thought to require executive control: response override.

Zacks, R. Directed ignoring: Inhibitory regulation of working memory. Carr Eds. New York: Academic Press. These are all examples of a category of behaviors that we call directed ignoring.

Inhibitory control describes the suppression of goal-irrelevant stimuli and behavioral responses. Current developmental taxonomies distinguish between Response Inhibition — the ability to suppress a prepotent motor response, and Attentional Inhibition — the ability to resist interference from distracting stimuli. Response Inhibition and Attentional Inhibition have exhibited moderately strong positive correlations in previous studies, suggesting they are closely related cognitive abilities.

 Какая редкость! - саркастически парировала Сьюзан. - Он участвовал в разработке ТРАНСТЕКСТА. Он нарушил правила.

Inhibitory processes and cognitive flexibility: evidence for the theory of attentional inertia

У Сьюзан свело желудок. Она подняла голову. - Не поддающийся взлому алгоритм? - Она выдержала паузу.  - Ах да… Я, кажется, что-то такое читала. - Не очень правдоподобное заявление. - Согласна, - сказала Сьюзан, удивившись, почему вдруг Хейл заговорил об.  - Я в это не верю.

Скажите, что вы от. Попросите его передать паспорт Росио. Росио сопровождает мистера Густафсона сегодня вечером.

Помня, что не должен оставлять следов, Хейл вошел в систему регистрации действий и удалил все свои команды, после чего вновь ввел личный пароль Сьюзан. Монитор погас. Когда Сьюзан вернулась в Третий узел, Грег Хейл как ни в чем не бывало тихо сидел за своим терминалом. ГЛАВА 30 Альфонсо XIII оказался небольшим четырехзвездочным отелем, расположенным в некотором отдалении от Пуэрта-де-Хереса и окруженным кованой чугунной оградой и кустами сирени. Поднявшись по мраморным ступенькам, Дэвид подошел к двери, и она точно по волшебству открылась. Привратник проводил его в фойе.

References

Посмотрел на пальцы старика - никакого золотого кольца. Тогда он дотронулся до его руки. - Сэр? - Беккер легонько потормошил спящего.  - Простите, сэр… Человек не шевельнулся. Беккер предпринял очередную попытку: - Сэр.

Шестью этажами ниже Стратмор стоял возле рубильника. В служебных помещениях ТРАНСТЕКСТА было черно как глубокой ночью. Минуту он наслаждался полной темнотой. Сверху хлестала вода, прямо как во время полночного шторма. Стратмор откинул голову назад, словно давая каплям возможность смыть с него вину.

Она надолго прижалась губами к его губам. Он обвил ее руками, и они сами собой начали стягивать с нее ночную рубашку. - Я понимаю это как знак согласия, - сказал он, и они не отрывались друг от друга всю ночь, согреваемые теплом камина. Этот волшебный вечер был шесть месяцев назад, до того как Дэвида неожиданно назначили главой факультета современных языков. С тех пор их отношения развивались с быстротой скольжения по склону горы.

Внешний щит, исчезающий на наших глазах, - открытый главный компьютер.

Сьюзан замолчала. Коммандер, как всегда, прав. Им необходим ключ, который хранится у Хейла.

 Пожалуйста, - взмолилась. Но дверца не открылась. - Сьюзан, - тихо сказал Стратмор.  - Нужен код.

ГЛАВА 20 Городская больница располагалась в здании бывшей начальной школы и нисколько не была похожа на больницу. Длинное одноэтажное здание с огромными окнами и ветхое крыло, прилепившееся сзади. Беккер поднялся по растрескавшимся ступенькам. Внутри было темно и шумно.

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1 Comments

  1. Travis D.

    PDF | On Jan 1, , R.T. Zacks and others published Inhibitory processes in attention, memory, and language | Find, read and cite all the research you need.

    29.11.2020 at 14:02 Reply

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