parts of a motor vehicle and their functions pdf

Parts Of A Motor Vehicle And Their Functions Pdf

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You should take your vehicle to a service center if something seems to be off, but it helps tremendously if you know something about car maintenance yourself. It helps if you look at a car parts diagram, so you know where the most important parts in your vehicle are located. Learn about car parts so you can have more in-depth discussions with your service technician about how to adequately maintain your vehicle.

Parts of a Car & Their Functions

A car is a complex machine with several systems functioning simultaneously. While most modern cars contain computerized systems that are beyond the understanding of all but the most specialized technicians, knowing the basic parts of a car and how they function makes it easier to spot problems, perform basic repairs and drive more responsibly. Every car is powered by an engine, and most cars use an internal combustion engine that runs on gasoline.

Gas, along with air, is drawn into a combustion chamber where it is compressed and ignited by a spark. The resulting combustion provides a power stroke that, when repeated rapidly, powers the car. Engines are often referred to by the number of cylinders they have, and each cylinder contains its own combustion chamber.

A car's overall power is a function of the size of the engine as well as factors such as the timing of the combustion and the type of transmission used. The drive line is a series of components that connect the motion produced by the engine to the wheels of the car to provide forward or backward motion.

Whether a car uses an automatic or manual transmission, the function is the same: to use metal gears to match the engine's speed to the power requirements of the car, which depend on vehicle speed, the slope of the road surface and the weight of the car itself. Additional gears transmit power from the drive shaft to the wheels themselves. A car's electrical system is powered by a rechargeable battery that draws its power from the engine itself, which acts as a generator.

The battery is used to start the car, providing the initial motion of the engine and powering items such as the fuel pump and starter. A car's battery is also used to power the headlights, radio, dashboard gauges, turn signals and an array of safety sensors.

Most cars also have additional uses for the electrical system such as power automatic windows or door locks. All of these electrical items are wired to the battery with a series of fuses ensuring that the electrical system can continue to function even if one part fails. Various types of wheels and tires are useful for driving under specific conditions.

All-season tires, for example, have the versatility of being used throughout the year, even if severe conditions occur. A car's brakes are one of its most important safety features and generally come in one of two types: disc or drum. Disc brakes use a spinning disc, which is pinched between brake pads mounted on calipers to slow the motion of the car.

Drum brakes use shoes that push outward to contact the inside of a spinning cylinder, or drum. Some cars contain both types of brakes one type for the front wheels, another for the rear wheels to take advantage of the best each type of braking system has to offer. One of the most visible parts of a car is its instrumentation. Most drivers are aware of the speedometer and fuel gauge, but other dashboard instruments are equally important.

A tachometer, which displays engine speed in rotations per minute RPM , indicates how hard the engine is working. An oil pressure gauge or engine temperature gauge can be useful in diagnosing common problems, such as a leak of oil or engine coolant respectively.

Stopping a car when oil pressure begins to drop or temperature begins to rise can avoid catastrophic engine failure. The Electrical System A car's electrical system is powered by a rechargeable battery that draws its power from the engine itself, which acts as a generator. Brakes and Wheels Various types of wheels and tires are useful for driving under specific conditions.

Dashboard Instruments One of the most visible parts of a car is its instrumentation. References Auto Parts Warehouse.

Parts of a Car & Their Functions

Posted by: Juliet Onyeachonam. Although almost everyone drives or is driven in a car on daily basis, most people do not know the basic car parts names and their functions. For an average person, a car is just a piece of metal on four wheels for getting around. In actuality, a car is more than just metal and wheels. A car is made up of several component parts that work together to deliver power and eventual mobility to the car. In this article, Naijauto. But before that, lets's have an overview of the parts of a car below.

In this post, we will discuss the engine parts. The engine has two types one is the internal combustion engine and another one is the external combustion engine. The engine most essential part of automobile industries or we can say that the engine is the heart of an automobile. The function and construction of each engine parts of an internal combustion engine are explained. The key to the engine is as follows. Fig shows a simple sketch of the cylinder block.

From the steering system to the front and rear suspension, a gas-powered vehicle is filled with a host of parts that come together to power your car, truck or SUV down the road. While it may feel like a foreign language, having a working understanding of how the steering and suspension systems relate to the other parts of your vehicle is extremely helpful in visualizing how your vehicle functions. Engine The heart and soul of your vehicle is the internal combustion engine. The engine block features parts such as the timing chain, camshaft, crankshaft, spark plugs, cylinder heads, valves and pistons. Alternator Part of the electrical system, the alternator charges the battery and powers the electrical system while your car is running.


Whether you work on your car or just bring it to the service center, it helps to know common car parts to make educated decisions on vehicle maintenance.


Detailed explanation of Car Parts names & their functions

A car is a complex machine with several systems functioning simultaneously. While most modern cars contain computerized systems that are beyond the understanding of all but the most specialized technicians, knowing the basic parts of a car and how they function makes it easier to spot problems, perform basic repairs and drive more responsibly. Every car is powered by an engine, and most cars use an internal combustion engine that runs on gasoline. Gas, along with air, is drawn into a combustion chamber where it is compressed and ignited by a spark.

Количество нейтронов. Техника извлечения.  - Она пробежала глазами таблицу.  - Уран распадается на барий и криптон; плутоний ведет себя несколько .

Сьюзан просмотрела все команды. То, что она увидела, привело ее в ужас. С интервалом в три минуты была зарегистрирована вторая серия команд запирания-отпирания.

What are the Parts of a Car?

Basic Car Parts You Should Know and What They Look Like

Но тот молчал. Конец лета. Солнце уже зашло. Над головой автоматически зажглись лампы дневного света. Сьюзан нервничала: прошло уже слишком много времени.

Слова приятеля его очень удивили. Дело в том, что АНБ не только существовало, но и считалось одной из самых влиятельных правительственных организаций в США и во всем мире. Уже больше полувека оно занималось тем, что собирало электронные разведданные по всему миру и защищало американскую секретную информацию. О его существовании знали только три процента американцев. - АНБ, - пошутил приятель, - означает Агентство, которого Никогда не Было. Со смешанным чувством тревоги и любопытства Беккер принял приглашение загадочного агентства. Он проехал тридцать семь миль до их штаб-квартиры, раскинувшейся на участке площадью тридцать шесть акров среди лесистых холмов Форт-Мида в штате Мэриленд.

Вообще-то ему это ни к чему, но Сьюзан знала, что его не удовлетворит скороспелая ложь о диагностической программе, над которой машина бьется уже шестнадцать часов. Хейл потребует, чтобы ему сказали правду. Но именно правду она не имела ни малейшего намерения ему открывать. Она не доверяла Грегу Хейлу.

Беккер снова кивнул, вспомнив ночь, когда слушал гитару Пако де Лючии - фламенко под звездами в крепости XV века. Вот бы побывать здесь вместе со Сьюзан. - И, разумеется, Христофора Колумба? - просиял лейтенант.

Подумал Бринкерхофф. Мидж подошла к принтеру и, забрав распечатку очередности задач, попыталась просмотреть ее в темноте. - Ничего не вижу, - пожаловалась .

 Садись, Сьюзан. Я должен тебе кое-что сказать.

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4 Comments

  1. Zdenek C.

    INTRODUCTION. In the previous Units, we learnt about the different automobile — the engine and its parts, the body and chassis (i) carrying the weight of the vehicle and its passengers, is meant. The body of a car (Fig.

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  3. Prunella B.

    Starter motor components — engine starting system is a system that have a function to crank the engine for the first time.

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