nature and levels of organizational behaviour pdf

Nature And Levels Of Organizational Behaviour Pdf

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Everything you need to know about organisational behaviour.

Organizational Behavior Chapter 2 Quiz Answers

Everything you need to know about organisational behaviour. The field of organisational behaviour deals with human behaviour in organisation. It is the multidisciplinary field that seeks knowledge of behaviour in organisational settings by objective based on studying individual, group and oganisational processes.

The role and field of organisation behaviour is not only concerned with a particular organisation. The concepts and approaches of organisation behaviour are also more concerned with the society. According to L. Introduction to Organisational Behaviour 2. Nature 5. Characteristics 6. Levels 7. Ethical Perspective 9. Objectives Aspects Elements Roles Principles Goals Processes to Modify and Integrate Significance Importance Challenges Faced Limitations The study of Organizational Behavior OB is very interesting and challenging too.

It is related to individuals, group of people working together in teams. The study becomes more challenging when situational factors interact.

The study of organizational behavior relates to the expected behavior of an individual in the organization. No two individuals are likely to behave in the same manner in a particular work situation. It is the predictability of a manager about the expected behavior of an individual. There are no absolutes in human behavior. It is the human factor that is contributory to the productivity hence the study of human behavior is important. Great importance therefore must be attached to the study.

Researchers, management practitioners, psychologists, and social scientists must understand the very credentials of an individual, his background, social framework, educational update, impact of social groups and other situational factors on behavior. Managers under whom an individual is working should be able to explain, predict, evaluate and modify human behavior that will largely depend upon knowledge, skill and experience of the manager in handling large group of people in diverse situations.

Preemptive actions need to be taken for human behavior forecasting. The value system, emotional intelligence, organizational culture, job design and the work environment are important causal agents in determining human behavior. Cause and effect relationship plays an important role in how an individual is likely to behave in a particular situation and its impact on productivity.

An appropriate organizational culture can modify individual behavior. Recent trends exist in laying greater stress on organizational development and imbibing a favorable organizational culture in each individual.

It also involves fostering a team spirit and motivation so that the organizational objectives are achieved. There is a need for commitment on the part of the management that should be continuous and incremental in nature. In words of Stephen P. It strives to identify ways in which people can act more effectively. OB is the study of individual behaviour in isolation, when in group and as a part of an organisation.

The study of individual behaviour only, would be incomplete because behaviour is affected by the people surrounding us as well as by the organisation, in which we work. Studying only individuals or only organisations would be of no use. It is essential to study both simultaneously. Personality, perception, learning, attitude, family background, training, motivation, job satisfaction, performance appraisal, leadership effectiveness, norms, values and ethics are the factors which affect the individual behaviour.

Group dynamics, communication, organisational environment, individual and organisational culture affect group behaviour. These various factors relate to different disciplines including psychology, sociology, social psychology, political science, anthropology, etc. Study about individual behaviour, group behaviour and organisations give the inferences about how different people react to different situations.

It guides regarding the motivation styles and the leadership styles to be adopted for different persons. Due to the individual differences, diverse leadership styles, incentive schemes, motivators, communication styles should be applied. Study of organisational behaviour helps in studying:. Why one person is more effective in one organisation as compared to the other organisations? The study of above things gives sound knowledge about human behaviour and this knowledge can be applied in shaping the behaviour and taking various decisions related to policy making in human resource management.

The scope of the organizational behavior is as under:. The field of the organizational behavior does not depend upon deductions based on gut feelings but attempts to gather information regarding an issue in a scientific manner under controlled conditions. It uses information and interprets the findings so that the behavior of an individual and group can be canalized as desired.

Large number of psychologists, social scientists and academicians has carried out research on various issues related to organization behavior. Employee performance and job satisfaction are determinants of accomplishment of individual and organizational goals. Organizations have been set up to fulfill needs of the people.

This is possible when productivity is ensured with respect to quantity of product to be produced with zero error quality.

Employee absenteeism and turnover has a negative impact on productivity. Employee who absents frequently cannot contribute towards productivity and growth of the organization. In the same manner, employee turnover causes increased cost of production.

Job satisfaction is a major factor to analyze performance of an individual towards his work. Satisfied workers are productive workers who contribute towards building an appropriate work culture in an organization.

Organizations are composed of number of individuals working independently or collectively in teams, and number of such teams makes a department and number of such departments makes an organization. It is a formal structure and all departments have to function in a coordinated manner to achieve the organizational objective.

It is therefore important for all employees to possess a positive attitude towards work. They need to function in congenial atmosphere and accomplish assigned goals. It is also important for managers to develop an appropriate work culture.

Use of authority, delegation of certain powers to subordinates, division of labor, efficient communication. Benchmarking, re-engineering, job re-design and empowerment are some of the important factors so that an organization can function as well-oiled machine. This is not only applicable to manufacturing organizations but also to service and social organizations.

Organizational behaviour has emerged as a separate field of study. The nature it has acquired is identified as follows:. By definition, a discipline is an accepted science that is based on a theoretical foundation. But, O. Therefore, it is better reasonable to call O. The very nature of O. What O. The basic line of difference between pure science and O.

Hence, O. Organizational Behaviour is a normative science also. While the positive science discusses only cause effect relationship, O. Thus, O. Yes, it is not that O. In fact, O. Organizational Behaviour applies humanistic approach towards people working in the organization. It, deals with the thinking and feeling of human beings.

It also realizes that people working in the organization can and will actualise these potentials if they are given proper conditions and environment. Environment affects performance or workers working in an organization.

The system approach is one that integrates all the variables, affecting organizational functioning. It seeks to shed light on the whole complex human factor in organisations by identifying causes and effects of that behaviour.

Modern organisational behaviour is characterised by the acceptance of a human resource model. It takes a more positive view of human beings. People are accepted as they are and not prejudged using stereotypes. Some of the important characteristics of organisational behaviour are discussed as follows:.

Organizational Behavior: Definition, Importance, Nature, Model

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If you have ever held a job, taken a class, or participated in an organized activity, you have seen levels of influence. The three levels of influence are the individual, the group, and the organization. The three levels are interconnected so it is critical to understand each one. The individual level includes each individual person within an organization. Each individual acts differently which affects group dynamics and the organization as a whole. If there are a lot of happy and efficient individuals, the work environment will be an efficient and productive one.

Behaviour. Concepts & Nature behavior as a main factor organizational behavior is the comprehensive Organizational behavior exits at multiple levels.

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Embed Size px x x x x What is an Organization? An organization is a collection of people who work together to achieve individual and organizational goalsIndividual goalsOrganizational goals. Organizational goals are what the organization as a whole is trying to accomplish such as providing innovative products and services to customers, making a profit, and achieving high levels of market share. Organizational BehaviourA field of study that investigates how individuals, groups and structure affect and are affected by behaviour within organizations, for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organizations effectiveness.

organizational behaviour, nature & levels of organizational behaviour

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Organizational Behavior in Sport Organizations Chapter 1. Robbins, Timothy A. You wil take the exam with 2 students and get to draw 3 questions each on the case which you are supposed to be able to answer based on the theory covered in the course. Importance of Organizational Behavior in Sport.

It is a human tool for human benefit. It applies broadly to the behaviour of people in all types of organisation. Organisational behaviour is generally confused with organisational theory, organisational psychology, and human resource management. Organisational psychology restricts itself to psychological factors only whereas organisational behaviour considers and combines all the branches of study e.

Он хотел их отключить. Для него важен был только один голос, который то возникал, то замолкал. - Дэвид, прости. Он увидел пятна света. Сначала слабые, еле видимые на сплошном сером фоне, они становились все ярче.

То, что он увидел, невозможно было себе представить. Стеклянный купол словно наполнился то и дело вспыхивающими огнями и бурлящими клубами пара. Бринкерхофф стоял точно завороженный и, не в силах унять дрожь, стукался лбом о стекло. Затем, охваченный паникой, помчался к двери.

Все как один были панки.

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