accounting concepts and conventions notes pdf

Accounting Concepts And Conventions Notes Pdf

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Accounting concepts, conventions, assumptions and principles suggest logical and generally accepted accounting treatments and principles.

Conventions in accounting have been evolved and developed to bring about uniformity in the maintenance of accounts. Conventions denote customs or traditions or usages which are in use since long. To be clear, these are nothing but unwritten laws.

Accounting Conventions: 4 Accounting Conventions

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) Sheet 1 - Accounting Concepts Conventions

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In drawing up accounting statements, whether they are external "financial accounts" or internally-focused "management accounts", a clear objective has to be that the accounts fairly reflect the true "substance" of the business and the results of its operation. The theory of accounting has, therefore, developed the concept of a "true and fair view". The true and fair view is applied in ensuring and assessing whether accounts do indeed portray accurately the business' activities. To support the application of the "true and fair view", accounting has adopted certain concepts and conventions which help to ensure that accounting information is presented accurately and consistently. The most commonly encountered convention is the "historical cost convention".

Accounting Concepts

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Accounting Concepts and Conventions In drawing up accounting statements, whether they are external "financial accounts" or internally-focused "management accounts", a clear objective has to be that the accounts fairly reflect the true "substance" of the business and the results of its operation. The theory of accounting has, therefore, developed the concept of a "true and fair view". The true and fair view is applied in ensuring and assessing whether accounts do indeed portray accurately the business' activities.

Accounting Convention

Financial Accounting: An Introduction pp Cite as. In Chapters 1 and 2 we introduced the fundamental issues in accounting, the potential users of accounting information and the requirements of these users. We were also concerned with ideas of value and profit and with various ways of measuring them. Chapters 3 and 4 analysed how accounting information is structured, recorded and processed in order to produce, among other things, statements such as the profit and loss account and balance sheet. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content.

The worldview of accounting and accountants may certainly involve some unhelpful characters poring over formidable figures stacked up in indecipherable columns. Accounting is the language of business efficiently communicated by well-organised and honest professionals called accountants. The process of identifying, measuring and communicating economic information to permit informed judgments and decisions by users of the information. The art of recording, classifying, summarising in a significant manner and in terms of money, transactions and events which are, in part at least of financial character, and interpreting the results thereof. Recording every financial transaction is important to a business organisation and its creditors and investors. Accounting uses a formalised and regulated system that follows standardised principles and procedures.

Accounting Principles and Concepts Meaning and Scope of Accounting

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Accounting principles are essential rules and concepts that govern the field of accounting, and guides the accounting process should record, analyze, verify and report the financial position of the business. Revenue Recognition Principle is mainly concerned with the revenue being recognized in the income statement of an enterprise. Revenue is the gross inflow of cash, receivables or other considerations arising in the course of ordinary activities of an enterprise from the sale of goods, rendering of services and use of enterprise resources by others yielding interests, royalties, and dividends. It excludes the amount collected on behalf of third parties such as certain taxes. In an agency relationship, the revenue is the amount of commission and not the gross inflow of cash, receivables or other considerations. According to Historical Cost principle, an asset is ordinarily recorded in the accounting records at the price paid to acquire it at the time of its acquisition and the cost becomes the basis for the accounts during the period of acquisition and subsequent accounting periods. Accordingly, if nothing is paid to acquire an asset; the same will not be usually recorded as an asset, e.

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Accounting Concepts and Conventions
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