Difference Between Learning Organization And Organizational Learning Pdf
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This chapter defines and elaborates the concept of the learning organization, emphasizing how learning makes organizations more efficient in a continuously changing competitive environment.
- Organizational learning
- Building a Learning Organization
- On differences between organizational learning and learning organization
- Building a Learning Organization
Therefore, in past studies two concepts were examined which are learning organization or LO and also organizational learning or OL. A more modern method would be LO but however still the most applicable concept is OL for defining the learning of organization.
Some of these obstacles are as follows: deficiency of communication. One solution for removing and decreasing these obstacles, IT or information technology is helpful. But, because of some problems for instance structure of proper knowledge and mechanisms that build its retrieval more convenient so defined kinds of information technology must be used therefore more high levels of intelligence is suggested for obtaining more useful outcomes.
In this case, the AI or artificial intelligence area has developed study in expanding computational systems which for a defined domain provides knowledge and provides inferences, decision making and reasoning. These types of systems maintain a symbolic and explicit representation for the knowledge. This representation is useful for being divided from the aspects of procedure linked to the application and also other systems can use it.
For accomplishing this task, it is crucial to organize the knowledge formally and provide it accessible with a language that is standard therefore we can share it since computers are mainly considered as the machines which can process symbols and also requires defined instruction about how to do the manipulation of the symbols with a meaningful approach Cimiano, In this case, the role f ontology is important.
It lets the vocabularies which are formal to define the general premise of the domain, in a more formal logic it provides an expression of shared conceptualization , it provides more convenient communication between computational agents and people, between the organizational systems it provides more interoperability and finally it can be applied by the agents of computation for acting as the human replacement in some distributing tasks or processes.
In many types and areas of application processing information by ontology is developing as a trend that gives a good context for information understanding for both software agents and human users Musen, There exist a motivation to develop ontology that can be seen in some applications and in its usage obtained advantages.
For constructing the ontology there exists a high level of interest but however there is a limitation of developed study in this case and widely it is not used yet. In the context of organizational learning, that the application and development are mainly related the ontology was not applied very much. Some of the reasons behind this fact are resource and cost used for developing and time.
In this case, the main objective of this research is to define how in this process the ontology is being used. The following questions are not answered yet: 1. What types of ontologies are being applied in the organizational learning process? What are the types of IT applied in conjunction with ontology in the context of organizational learning? What are the ways ontologies and IT can facilitate the organizational learning? Literature review 2. Organizational learning and learning organization We cannot define the people only based on their skills and knowledge but their ability to manage and adopt the demanded changes by their carriers and jobs are important.
The organizations have the same issue as well. For having success continually in a world which changes continually, it is important to have capability for exploring some new opportunities and understand from mistakes and goals from past 9Kolb, By having a learning process it can be achieved that in it people obtain new insight and knowledge and also modifies their actions and behaviors Stata, What makes difference between individual and organizational learning is the fact that in OL the learning process happens by shared mental models and insights and also the learning individually is obtained by previous experience from the firm Stata, These days, in the corporate world the learning is known as the vital survival pre requisite.
It is important to understand the favorable situations to be used and know the process by having the aim of improving the impacts Lahteenmaki et al. The firms require to learn to learn Schein, Therefore, for achieving better outcomes there are two methods to be done in the process of learning: learning organization LO and organizational learning OL. But OL is not known as the holistic vision for its recognition Lahteenmaki et al.
New insights are developed by members by means of debates and dialogues. These types of dialogues can be some divergences or conflicts but they will prompt the individuals to ask the available premises and to know their experience by a new approach. The ideal is LO that the firm should use therefore they will be able to learn ongoing.
On the other side, OL is known as the process and activity that by means of it the firm obtain the LO ideal. Although there are some differences among the two aspects but both of them cope with learning inside the organization in which the skill of people will be improved by experience. According to Schon, Argvris and Stata it can be said that one of the objectives of OL is having knowledge as the tool for understanding the improvements and innovation.
The definition of Garvin empowers this matter because he states LO is the firm which is able to create, acquire and also change the knowledge and its behavior for showing new perspectives and knowledge Garvin, For organizational learning having knowledge is crucial so it is better to understand the ways to be used for facilitating the knowledge acquisition procedure as well as knowledge transfer and shared understanding then the improvement and innovation might be obtained by the firm.
Information Technology and ontologies Although both organizational learning and IT have been studies for many years but only recently they have been analyzed in conjunction. The support systems that operate collaboratively bring communication between the members and make it possible to retrieve and register the decisions for the future 9Robey, Currently, Web 2.
An area for application of ontology which is very considerable is computer science but however the ontology concept rose before science of computer. According to philosophy for categorizing the knowledge ontology was applied in order to defining it by help of taxonomies. Currently, the ontology definition has been adopted and improved based on the area of application.
For the science of computer area the ontology definition might be also according to its structure complexity. It might define a hierarchy of concepts which are related to each other by some subsumption relations and it is closely related to taxonomies or the structure, The community of ontology provides a differentiation among ontology which are generally taxonomy, from the ones that model a domain for bringing semantic restriction.
The ontology of lightweight include relations and concepts, properties of the structure. For the lightweight ontology the axioms will be added via heavyweight ontology Corcho et al. While the ontology in its simplest form shows the knowledge structure so the complex ones could add the power of reasoning for the structure. The reasoning capacity permits the ontology via logical expressions to bring some new concepts based on the available ones. Unlike the traditional structure for ontology data, it can explain highly complex relations between the concepts which are represented.
In this complicated structure the biggest goal is knowledge capturing and using the domain model instead of providing the structure for data storage and its instances 9Musen, In the past studies the ontology is grouped based on various aspects. In Guarino divided them based on the generality level for the represented content in higher levels, application and task ontology and domain.
An ontology with high level shows common sense knowledge and concepts that are independent from a private issue or domain. A vocabulary relevant to the generic domain will be developed by domain ontology. The ontology of task shows a generic activity or task as well as special concepts for ontology in high levels.
The ontology as application defines the concepts and terms that are dependent to a particular task or domain and they are usually specialize or extend the task ontology of domain. By not considering the type of ontology, the mentioned application is now a tendency in different areas and also appliances because they let the representation of knowledge by complex or simple structures, with general or special concepts.
So the ontology is assumed as a vital resource to be used as facilitator or conductor in the learning process of firm. By explicit knowledge and also interference obtaining new knowledge will be possible and it can be shared in organization for getting ongoing improvement.
Conclusion One of the important elements for the firm is learning in order to achieve sustainable and competitive advantage during the past years. It is a fact that the organization seeks for the context that provides improvement and innovation and it is capable of react to the changes of the world in competition.
Therefore, there are two discussed concepts in past studies and they are organizational learning or OL and the learning organization or the LO. These two terms are completing each other since there is no defined distinction among them. Although the fact that organizational learning and IT are the concepts that have been studied for many years but just recently they have been analyzed in conjunction.
The reviews relate the IT importance as the support in the process of organizational learning. The technologies for instance warehouse, best practice data base and also internet systems and internet are crucial aspects for maintaining the memory of organization. Organisational learning and core capabilities development: The role of IT.
The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 5 2 , — Argyris, C. Organizational learning II — Theory, method, andpractice. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. International Journal, 1 1 , 3— Borst, W. Construction of engineering ontologies for knowledge sharing and reuse.
Choudhary, A. Computers in Industry, 60 9 , — Cimiano, P. Ontology learning and population from text: Algorithms, evaluation and applications. New York: Springer-Verlag. Corcho, O. Methodologies, tools and languages for building ontologies. Where is their meeting point? Decker, B.
Building a Learning Organization
As we all know, to stay ahead of competitors, companies must constantly enhance the way they do business. But more performance-improvement programs fail than succeed. After all, how can organizations respond creatively to new challenges shifts in customer preferences, market downturns without first discovering something new—then altering the way they operate to reflect new insights? Without learning, companies repeat old practices, make cosmetic changes, and produce short-lived improvements. To transform your company into a learning organization, Garvin recommends mastering five activities:. Instead, generate hypotheses, gather data to test your hypotheses, and use statistical tools such as cause-and-effect diagrams to organize data and draw inferences. Systematically search for and test new knowledge.
Already have an account? Log in! Both the learning organization and organizational learning are very similar in that they connect to each other, but differ in that one involves the actual learning in an organization and the other involves the course of gaining the learning in the organization. It is the process of learning about what organizations do now, what they need to work on or change in order to be more competitive or create a monopoly, what they are doing right, who the people are that work there and with their competitors, and what they are like as individuals. Both the learning organization and organizational learning are similar in that they both involve learning.
This conceptual paper looks at and discusses differences between the concepts of organizational learning and the learning organization. Since there still seems to be confusion regarding the meaning of the two concepts, aims to clarify the two main existing distinctions — that organizational learning is existing processes while learning organization is an ideal form of organization. Also distinguishes between a traditional and a social perspective of organizational learning, which the existing distinctions have not — at least not explicitly. Thus, distinctions are made between three concepts. In addition to the improvement of the existing distinctions, suggests two complementary ones — entities of learning and knowledge location. These two distinctions might make it easier to distinguish also between the two perspectives of organizational learning.
PDF | Organizational learning and learning organization are two constructs The difference between the active and latent components of.
On differences between organizational learning and learning organization
Organizational learning is the process of creating, retaining, and transferring knowledge within an organization.
Building a Learning Organization
Using this assessment tool, companies can pinpoint areas where they need to foster knowledge sharing, idea development, learning from mistakes, and holistic thinking. An organization with a strong learning culture faces the unpredictable deftly. However, a concrete method for understanding precisely how an institution learns and for identifying specific steps to help it learn better has remained elusive.
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Request PDF | On Differences between Organizational Learning and Learning Organization | This conceptual paper looks at and discusses.