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- The Conditional: Zero, First, Second, Third and Mixed
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- Mixed Conditionals Worksheet
The 4 Types of Conditionals. The verb tenses used in each clause depends on whether the speaker thinks the result is probable real or only exists in the imagination unreal. AnswerKey to all exercises.
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The Conditional: Zero, First, Second, Third and Mixed
PDF book 1: English tenses exercises. PDF book 2: English grammar exercises. PDF book 3: English grammar rules. Read more about English grammar books PDF on e-grammar. Second conditional Exercise 2. Mixed conditionals Exercise 5. Mixed conditionals Exercise 6. Mixed conditionals Exercise 7. Mixed conditionals Exercise 8.
Mixed conditionals Exercise 9. Mixed conditionals exercises PDF Practise all forms of conditional sentences. The zero conditional describes situations that are always true. If has the same meaning as when or whenever. If I go to school, I get up at seven.
Whenever I go to school I get up at the same time. If you park your car on double yellow lines, you pay a fine. Whenever you park illegally, you pay a fine.
We use the present simple tense in both the main clauses and the if clauses. The first conditional sentences are used to speculate about possible situations that can really happen at present or in future.
We do not use will in the if clause to describe future activities compare it to time clauses. If he studies hard, he'll pass the exams. If we catch the If you don't get the ticket, what will you do? In the second conditional sentences we speculate about situations that will probably never happen at present or in future. If I had more time, I would help you. But I am not free at the moment. I can't help you. If I won a million dollars, I would start a business of my own. But I know that it is not realistic.
Note: the verb to be can be specific in the if clause. If I were rich, I wouldn't work. If he were younger, he would marry her.
But was is also possible: If I was rich, I wouldn't work. If he was younger, he would marry her. But: If I were you, I wouldn't do it. In this expression, were is much more usual than was. The main difference between the first conditional and the second conditional is about probability: the first conditional is realistic, the second conditional is unrealistic. Sometimes we can use both with the following difference in meaning. If I see him, I will tell him. I suppose I will see him, because we go to the same school.
If I saw him, I would tell him. I don't think I will see him, because he is ill. If I need your help, I'll call you. It is probable that I will need your help. If I needed your help, I'd call you. It is not very probable that I will need your help. Sometimes we must use either the first conditional or the second conditional to make it clear that the situation is real or unreal. If you get up late, you will miss your bus.
A real situation. If I came from your country, I would understand your problems. An unreal situation - I am not from your country. The third conditional sentences always refer to the past. We speculate about situations that happened or did not happen in the past. If I had won a million, I would have started a business of my own. But I didn't win anything. If he had met her, he would have told her.
Unfortunately, he didn't meet her. If we hadn't practised, we wouldn't have won the match. But we practised and won. Examples - type 1: If you have finished your dinner, you can ask for the bill. If you are feeling tired, take a rest. If he is a good skier, he might make it. If you want to be slim, you should eat less. If you meet her, could you let me know? Examples - type 2: If I knew his address, I might go and see him. If we were on holiday, we would be lying on a beach now.
Why are we watching this film? If we were watching the news, it would be more interesting. Examples - type 3: We didn't save any money. If we had saved some money, we might have bought the house. She wasn't there and I wasn't sitting next to her. But if she had been there, I would have been sitting next to her.
I was looking at the trees when I fell off the bike. If I hadn't been looking at the trees, I wouldn' t have fallen off the bike. In the mixed conditional sentences we can combine the second and third conditional. If he had left immediately, he would be here now.
He didn't leave immediately and isn't here. If I had studied hard when I was young, I wouldn't be a porter now. I didn't study and I am a porter. If we hadn't told him the way while he was preparing for his journey, he would get lost now. We told him and he isn't lost. We can also make conditional sentences by changing the word order in the if clause. Had he booked the hotel room, he wouln't have slept at the camp.
If he had booked Were I in your position, I would accept it. If I were This is less common, quite formal and is mostly used in writing. If is the most frequent expression in the if clauses, but other expressions are also possible: even if, provided that , unless, on condition that , as long as.
Examples: You will leave tonight even if you don't want to. You can have your birthday party provided that you aren't noisy. We'll sell you the ranch on condition you pay in cash.
Unless you do something, she won't come back. If you don't do anything, Gerunds and infinitives If-conditional Time clauses Relative clauses Direct indirect object Indirect questions Reported speech. Conditionals exercises 0 1 2 3 Online exercises with keys: First conditional Exercise 1 Join sentences: I'll help you. Maybe you'll need it. Part 2: A multiple choice test. Mixed conditionals: Mixed conditionals Exercise 5 Choose correct forms multiple choice.
Mixed conditionals Exercise 6 Complete sentences.
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Fill in the blanks to create first conditional sentences. The students begin by reading through the introduction about how to form and use the first conditional. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Exercise 1. Students will see a picture of three people stuck on the board, a couple of English Jack and Annie and their best friend David from Spain. If the phone rings, I will answer it.
Conditionals for possibility worksheet PDF. First conditionals worksheet PDF. Conditionals quiz PDF. Conditional sentence matching activity. What if..
Interactive Version - Here is a first vs. Interactive Version - This interactive conditionals worksheet can be used to help students review the zero, first, second and third conditionals. Interactive Version - In this mixed conditionals interactive worksheet, students complete a variety of exercises to practice or review first, second and third conditionals. Interactive Version - This mixed conditionals interactive PDF contains a range of exercises to help students practice the first, second and third conditionals. Past Simple vs. Present Simple Passive Present Simple vs. Essay Writing Punctuation.
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Here's a helpful sentence making worksheet on the mixed type of conditional clauses. Skip to main content. Mixed Conditionals Worksheet.
Mixed Conditionals Worksheet
Task No. If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation. Conditional sentences worksheets and online activities. How to use : Read the question carefully, then select one of the answers button. Type 1 conditional sentences are used to talk about real and possible situations. If the first condition happens, something will happen as a result. Open Sans These types of sentences are used to express possible or imaginary situations.
Before doing the exercises you may want to read the lesson on conditional sentences. Match the numbers with the letters to form conditional sentences: 1. I would buy a beautiful car.
Conditional sentences elementary and intermediate level esl. Welcome to Perfect English Grammar! If Clauses Exercises 2. Conditional sentences, type I, if clauses, Negations. Conditionals describe the result of a certain condition. Put the verbs in brackets into the gaps.
stthomasbarrowford.org May be freely copied for personal or classroom use. Conditional exercise (first / second / third conditionals). 1.
- Мой и мистера Танкадо. Нуматака закрыл трубку ладонью и громко засмеялся. Однако он не смог удержаться от вопроса: - Сколько же вы хотите за оба экземпляра.
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Все лампы наверху погасли. Не было видно даже кнопочных электронных панелей на дверях кабинетов. Когда ее глаза привыкли к темноте, Сьюзан разглядела, что единственным источником слабого света в шифровалке был открытый люк, из которого исходило заметное красноватое сияние ламп, находившихся в подсобном помещении далеко внизу. Она начала двигаться в направлении люка.